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Genetic Engineering - International Codes And Ethical Issues For Society, The Breakdown Of Regulation: Genetic Inventions And Patents In The United States

control disease material cell

The human manipulation of the genetic material of a cell.

Genetic engineering involves isolating individual DNA fragments, coupling them with other genetic material, and causing the genes to replicate themselves. Introducing this created complex to a host cell causes it to multiply and produce clones that can later be harvested and used for a variety of purposes. Current applications of the technology include medical investigations of gene structure for the control of genetic disease, particularly through antenatal diagnosis. The synthesis of hormones and other proteins (e.g., growth hormone and insulin), which are otherwise obtainable only in their natural state, is also of interest to scientists. Applications for genetic engineering include disease control, hormone and protein synthesis, and animal research.

CROSS-REFERENCES

Genetic Screening.

Genetic Screening - Federal And State Legislation, The Constitution, Civil Rights, And Scientific Theory, Amniocentesis And The Abortion Debate [next]

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