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Judicial Review - Definition

court decision appeals error

The term judicial review refers to a court's review of a decision of a lower court in order to determine whether an error was made. When speaking of the Supreme Court, the term also refers to the Court's power to pass judgment on the constitutionality of actions of state and federal legislatures and courts. The most common form of judicial review is the review of a lower court decision by a higher court, whether it be state or federal. Courts usually review these decisions in the appeals process, when a losing party in a case claims an error was made and appeals to the higher court to examine the decision.

Judicial Review - The Functions Of Judicial Review [next]

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