Other Free Encyclopedias » Law Library - American Law and Legal Information » Crime and Criminal Law » Sentencing: Disparity - Types Of Disparity, Studies Documenting Illegitimate Disparities, Sentencing Disparity And Sentence Reform, Bibliography

Sentencing: Disparity - Bibliography

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ALBONETTI, CELESTA A. "Sentencing Under the Federal Sentencing Guidelines: Effects of Defendant Characteristics, Guilty Pleas, and Departures on Sentence Outcomes for Drug Offenses, 1991–1992." Law & Society Review 31 (1997): 789–822.

AUSTIN, THOMAS. "The Influence of Court Location on Types of Criminal Sentences: The Rural-Urban Factor." Journal of Criminal Justice 9 (1981): 305–316.

BALDUS, DAVID C.; WOODWORTH, GEORGE; and PULASKI, CHARLES. Equal Justice and the Death Penalty: A Legal and Empirical Analysis. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1990.

BENTHAM, JEREMY. The Theory of Legislation. New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1931.

BLUMSTEIN, ALFRED; COHEN, JACQUELINE; MARTIN , SUSAN; and TONRY, MICHAEL, eds. Research on Sentencing: The Search for Reform, Vol. 1. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1983.

Bureau of Justice Assistance. National Assessment of Structured Sentencing. Washington, D.C.: Bureau of Justice Assistance, 1996.

CHIRICOS, THEODORE G., and BALES, WILLIAM D. "Unemployment and Punishment: An Empirical Assessment." Criminology 29 (1991): 701–724.

DALY, KATHLEEN. "Neither Conflict nor Labeling nor Paternalism Will Suffice: Intersections of Race, Ethnicity, Gender, and Family in Criminal Court Decisions." Crime & Delinquency 35 (1989): 136–168.

DALY, KATHLEEN, and BORDT, REBECCA. "Sex Effects and Sentencing: A Review of the Statistical Literature." Justice Quarterly 12 (1995): 143–177.

FRANKEL, MARVIN. Criminal Sentences: Law Without Order. New York: Hill & Wang, 1972.

FRASE, RICHARD S. "Sentencing Principles in Theory and Practice." Crime & Justice: A Review of Research 22 (1997): 363–433.

HAWKINS, DARNELL. "Beyond Anomalies: Rethinking the Conflict Perspective on Race and Criminal Punishment." Social Forces 65 (1987): 719–745.

KRAMER, JOHN H., and ULMER, JEFFERY T. "Sentencing Disparity and Departures from Guidelines." Justice Quarterly 13 (1996): 81–106.

LAFREE, GARY D. Rape and Criminal Justice: The Social Construction of Sexual Assault. Belmont, Calif.: Wadsworth, 1989.

MARTINSON, ROBERT. "What Works? Questions and Answers About Prison Reform." Public Interest 35 (1974): 22–54.

MIETHE, TERANCE D., and MOORE, CHARLES A. "Socioeconomic Disparities Under Determinate Sentencing Systems: A Comparison of Preguideline and Postguideline Practices in Minnesota." Criminology 23 (1985): 337–363.

Minnesota Sentencing Guidelines Commission. The Impact of the Minnesota Sentencing Guidelines: Three Year Evaluation. St. Paul, Minn., 1984.

STEFFENSMEIER, DARRELL; ULMER, JEFFERY; and KRAMER, JOHN. "The Interaction of Race, Gender, and Age in Criminal Sentencing: The Punishment Cost of Being Young, Black, and Male." Criminology 36 (1998): 763–797.

TONRY, MICHAEL. Malign Neglect: Race, Crime, and Punishment in America. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.

——. Sentencing Matters. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.

TONRY, MICHAEL, and HATLESTAD, KATHLEEN, eds. Sentencing Reform in Overcrowded Time: A Comparative Perspective. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.

ULMER, JEFFERY T. Social Worlds of Sentencing: Court Communities Under Sentencing Guidelines. Albany, N.Y.: State University of New York Press, 1997.

VON HIRSCH, ANDREW. Doing Justice: The Choice of Punishments. New York: Hall & Wang, 1976.

WALKER, SAMUEL. Taming the System: The Control of Discretion in Criminal Justice, 1950–1990. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.

WILSON, JAMES Q. Thinking About Crime. Rev. ed. New York: Basic Books, 1983.

ZATZ, MARJORIE S. "The Changing Forms of Racial/Ethnic Biases in Sentencing." Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 24 (1987): 69–92.

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