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Police: Police Officer Behavior - Bibliography

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BLACK, DONALD, and REISS, ALBERT J., JR. "Police Control of Juveniles." American Sociological Review 35, no. 1 (1970): 63–77.

CRANK, JOHN P. "The Influence of Environmental and Organizational Factors on Police Style in Urban and Rural Environments." Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 27 (1990): 166–189.

ENGEL, ROBIN SHEPARD. "The Effects of Supervisory Styles on Patrol Officer Behavior." Police Quarterly 3, no. 3 (2000): 262–293.

ENGEL, ROBIN SHEPARD, and SILVER, ERIC. "Policing Mentally Disordered Suspects: A Reexamination of the Criminalization Hypothesis." Criminology (2001).

ENGEL, ROBIN SHEPARD; SOBOL, JAMES J.; and WORDEN, ROBERT E. "Further Exploration of the Demeanor Hypothesis: The Interaction Effects of Suspects' Characteristics and Demeanor on Police Behavior." Justice Quarterly 17, no. 2 (2000): 235–258.

FRIEDRICH, ROBERT J. "Police Use of Force: Individuals, Situations, and Organizations." Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 452 (1980): 82–97.

FYFE, JAMES J. "Police Use of Deadly Force: Research and Reform." Justice Quarterly 5 (1998): 165–205.

JACOBS, DAVID, and O'BRIEN, ROBERT M. "The Determinants of Deadly Force: A Structural Analysis of Police Violence." American Journal of Sociology 103 (1998): 837–862.

KLINGER, DAVID A. "Demeanor or Crime? Why 'Hostile' Citizens Are More Likely to Be Arrested." Criminology 32 (1994): 475–493.

——. "Negotiating Order in Patrol Work: An Ecological Theory of Police Response to Deviance." Criminology 35, no. 2 (1997): 277–306.

LANGWORTHY, ROBERT H. "Wilson's Theory of Police Behavior: A Replication of the Constraint Theory." Justice Quarterly 3 (1985): 89–98.

LISKA, A. E., and CHAMLIN, M. B. "Social Structure and Crime Control among Macrosocial Units." American Journal of Sociology 90 (1984): 383–395.

MASTROFSKI, STEPHEN D.; RITTI, RICHARD R.; and HOFFMASTER, DEBRA. "Organizational Determinants of Police Discretion: The Case of Drinking-Driving." Journal of Criminal Justice 15 (1987): 387-402.

MASTROFSKI, STEPHEN D.; RITTI, R. RICHARD; and SNIPES, JEFFREY B. "Expectancy Theory and Police Productivity in DUI Enforcement." Law & Society Review 28, no. 1 (1994): 113–148.

MASTROFSKI, STEPHEN D.; SNIPES, JEFFREY B.; PARKS, ROGER B.; and MAXWELL, CHRISTOPHER D. "The Helping Hand of the Law: Police Control of Citizens on Request." Criminology 38, no. 2 (2000): 307–342.

MASTROFSKI, STEPHEN D.; WORDEN, ROBERT E.; and SNIPES, JEFFREY B. "Law Enforcement in a Time of Community Policing." Criminology 33 (1995) 539–563.

MUIR, WILLIAM K., JR. Police: Streetcorner Politicians. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1977.

PARKS, ROGER B.; MASTROFSKI, STEPHEN D.; DEJONG, CHRISTINA; and GRAY, M. KEVIN. "How Officers Spend Their Time with the Community." Justice Quarterly 16, no. 3 (1999): 483–519.

REUSS-IANNI, ELIZABETH, and IANNI, FRANK. "Street Cops and Management Cops: Two Cultures of Policing." In Control in the Police Organization. Edited by Maurice Punch. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1983. Pages 251–274.

RIKSHEIM, ERIC, and CHERMAK, STEVEN M. "Causes of Police Behavior Revisited." Journal of Criminal Justice 21 (1993): 353–382.

SHERMAN, LAWRENCE W. "Causes of Police Behavior: The Current State of Quantitative Research." Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 17 (1980): 69–100.

SHERMAN, LAWRENCE W.; GARTIN, PATRICK R.; and BUERGER, MICHAEL E. "Hot Spots of Predatory Crime: Routine Activities and the Criminology of Place." Criminology 27, no. 1 (1989): 27–55.

SKOGAN, WESLEY G., and HARTNETT, SUSAN M. Community Policing, Chicago Style. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.

SMITH, DOUGLAS A., and KLEIN, JODY R. "Police Control of Interpersonal Disputes." Social Problems 31 (1984): 468–481.

SMITH, DOUGLAS A., and KLEIN, JODY R. "Police Agency Characteristics and Arrest Decisions." In Evaluation Performance of Criminal Justice Agencies. Edited by G. P. Whitaker and C. D. Phillips. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage, 1983. Pages 63–97.

SMITH, DOUGLAS A., and VISHER, CHRISTY A. "Street-Level Justice: Situational Determinants of Police Arrest Decisions." Social Problems 29 (1981): 167–177.

TEPLIN, LINDA A. "Criminalizing Mental Disorder: The Comparative Arrest Rates of the Mentally Ill." American Psychologist 39 (1984): 794–803.

VAN MAANEN, JOHN. "Working the Street: A Developmental View of Police Behavior." In The Potential for Reform of Criminal Justice. Edited by H. Jacob. Beverly Hills, Calif.: Sage, 1974. Pages 83–129.

VISHER, CHRISTY A. "Gender, Police Arrest Decisions, and Notions of Chivalry." Criminology 21 (1983): 5–28.

WALKER, SAMUEL. The Police in America, 3d ed. Boston, Mass.: McGraw-Hill College, 1999.

WALKER, SAMUEL; SPOHN, CASSIA; and DELONE, MIRIAM. The Color of Justice: Race Ethnicity and Crime in America, 2d ed. Belmont, Calif.: Wadsworth Thomson Learning, 2000.

WILSON, JAMES Q. Varieties of Police Behavior: The Management of Law and Order in Eight Communities. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1968.

WORDEN, ALISSA POLLITZ. "The Attitudes of Women and Men in Policing: Testing Conventional and Contemporary Wisdom." Criminology 31, no. 2 (1993): 203–242.

WORDEN, ROBERT E. "Situational and Attitudinal Explanation of Police Behavior: A Theoretical Reappraisal and Empirical Assessment." Law & Society Review 23 (1989): 667–711.

——. "A Badge and a Baccalaureate: Policies, Hypothesis, and Further Evidence." Justice Quarterly 7 (1990): 565–592.

——. "The Causes of Police Brutality: Theory and Evidence on Police Use of Force." In Police Violence: Understanding and Controlling Police Abuse of Force. Edited by William A. Geller and Hans Toch. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1996. Pages 23–51.

WORDEN, ROBERT E., and SHEPARD, ROBIN L. "Demeanor, Crime, and Police Behavior: A Reexamination of the Police Services Study Data." Criminology 34 (1996): 83–105.

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