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Wiener v. United States - A "quasi-judicial" Body, Shifting Precedents, Justice Felix Frankfurter

york court president petitioner

Petitioner

Myron Wiener

Respondent

United States

Petitioner's Claim

That the court of claims erred by dismissing his suit for back salary, in the wake of his improper dismissal by the president.

Chief Lawyer for Petitioner

T. H. Wachtel

Chief Lawyer for Respondent

J. Lee Rankin, U.S. Solicitor General

Justices for the Court

Hugo Lafayette Black, William J. Brennan, Jr., Harold Burton, Tom C. Clark, William O. Douglas, Felix Frankfurter (writing for the Court), John Marshall Harlan II, Earl Warren, Charles Evans Whittaker

Justices Dissenting

None

Place

Washington, D.C.

Date of Decision

30 June 1958

Decision

Wiener was improperly dismissed by the president.

Significance

The decision held that a president does not have the power to arbitrarily remove a "quasi-judicial" commissioner from office.

Related Cases

  • Myers v. United States, 272 U.S. 52 (1926).
  • Humphrey's Executor v. United States, 295 U.S. 602 (1935).

Sources

Hurwitz, Howard L. An Encyclopedic Dictionary of American History. New York: Washington Square Press, 1974.

Further Readings

  • Baker, Russell. "Dismissal Ruling Curbs President."New York Times, July 1, 1958, p. 20.
  • Davis, Kenneth S. F.D.R.--The New Deal Years 1933-1937. New York: Random House, 1979.
  • Hall, Kermit, ed. The Oxford Companion To The Supreme Court Of The United States. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.
Wilhelm Reich Trial: 1956 - Discovers "orgone", Invents "accumulator", Builds "cloud-buster", Ignores Injunction, Suggestions For Further Reading [next] [back] Watkins v. United States - Significance, Supreme Court Rules That Congressional Power Of Investigation Is Not Unlimited, Further Readings

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