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Zorach v. Clauson - Significance, Supreme Court Upholds "released Time" Program, Public School Release Time, Further Readings

appellant board education justices


Tessim Zorach


Andrew G. Clauson, Jr.

Appellant's Claim

That New York City's program of "released time" for students to attend religious instruction away from school premises violated the First Amendment mandate of church-state separation.

Chief Lawyer for Appellant

Kenneth W. Greenawalt

Chief Lawyer for Appellee

Michael A. Castaldi

Justices for the Court

Harold Burton, Tom C. Clark, William O. Douglas (writing for the Court), Sherman Minton, Stanley Forman Reed, Fred Moore Vinson

Justices Dissenting

Hugo Lafayette Black, Felix Frankfurter, Robert H. Jackson


Washington, D.C.

Date of Decision

28 April 1952


The Supreme Court upheld the program.

Related Cases

  • Everson v. Board of Education, 330 U.S. 1 (1947).
  • Illinois ex rel. McCollum v. Board of Education, 333 U.S. 203 (1948).
  • Lemon v. Kurtzman, 403 U.S. 602 (1971).
  • Board of Education v. Mergens, (1990).


Eastland, Terry. Religious Liberty in the Supreme Court. Washington, DC: Ethics and Public Policy Center, 1993.

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