Other Free Encyclopedias » Law Library - American Law and Legal Information » Historical Legal Documents and Landmark Speeches

"The Civil Rights Cases" - "the Civil Rights Cases"

public act amendment accommodations

The Civil Rights cases involved five prosecutions and civil suits from California, Kansas, Missouri, New York, and Tennessee for denying African Americans access to public accommodations (hotels, theaters, and railroad cars) in violation of the Civil Rights Act of 1875. Justice Joseph P. Bradley, writing for the majority of the Supreme Court, held that the Fourteenth Amendment prohibited only official, state-sponsored discrimination and could not reach discrimination practiced by privately owned places of public accommodation.

Justice John M. Harlan, in a dissenting opinion, argued that segregation in public accommodations was a "badge of slavery" for the recently freed African Americans and that the act could be constitutionally justified by looking to the Thirteenth Amendment. This amendment gave Congress the authority to outlaw all "badges and incidents" of slavery. Not until the passage of Title II of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 would the federal government achieve the desegregation of public accommodations.

"A House Divided" Speech - "a House Divided" Speech [next]

User Comments

Your email address will be altered so spam harvesting bots can't read it easily.
Hide my email completely instead?

Cancel or

Vote down Vote up

about 5 years ago

I am impressed with this information and would gladly read more from you. You are a good writer with a lot of talent. Thank you. http://www.hopy4.com

Vote down Vote up

10 months ago

TAKE A LOAN @ 2% INTEREST RATE with victoriafinancier@outlook.com

Do you need a loan?
Do you need a loan to pay off your debt?
Do you have bad credit?
Do you need a loan construction or to invest?
Do u you need loan to start doing business?
if yes,
are Granting you personal loan, Business loan, mortgage loan,
Construction loan, Debt loan, Student loan, Auto loan, e.t.c.
Loan at any currency are range from $5,000 ''min'' to $100,000.000 ''max'' @ 2% interest rate
If you are interested kindly send
response to: { victoriafinancier@outlook.com }

*Full Name/Company Name:_________



*loan amount:_________

*Loan duration:_________


*Purpose of loan:_________

*Monthly Income:__________


*Next of kin :_________

*Email :_________

VICTORIA FINANCIER EMAIL: victoriafinancier@outlook.com
Best Regard