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or Randolph The Virginia Plan - The Virginia, Or Randolph, Plan

house representation legislature compromise

At the Constitutional Convention in 1787, a deep division emerged between the large, more populated states and the smaller states over the apportionment of the national legislature. The Virginia Plan, also known as the Randolph Plan, after its sponsor, EDMUND JENNINGS RANDOLPH, called for a two-house legislature with representation of each state based on its population or wealth.

ROGER SHERMAN, along with OLIVER ELLSWORTH, proposed the Connecticut, or Great, Compromise. This plan created a bicameral legislature with proportional representation in the lower house and equal representation in the upper house. All revenue measures would originate in the lower house. The compromise was accepted, and the Constitution was soon approved by the convention.

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