Other Free Encyclopedias » Law Library - American Law and Legal Information » Historical Legal Documents and Landmark Speeches

English Bill of Rights - English Bill Of Rights

parliament king declaration freedom

An Act Declaring the Rights and Liberties of the Subject and Settling the Succession of the Crown

The English Bill of Rights grew out of the Glorious Revolution of 1688. During the revolution King James II abdicated and fled from England. He was succeeded by his daughter, Mary, and her husband, William of Orange, a Dutch prince. Parliament proposed a Declaration of Rights and presented it to William and Mary on February 13, 1689. Only after they accepted the declaration did Parliament proclaim them king and queen of England. Parliament then added several clauses to the declaration and formally enacted the amended bill as the Bill of Rights on December 16, 1689.

The Bill of Rights combined past grievances against the deposed king with a more general statement of basic liberties. The statute prohibited the monarch from suspending laws or levying taxes or customs duties without Parliament's consent and prohibited the raising and maintaining of a standing army during peacetime. More importantly, it proclaimed fundamental liberties, including freedom of elections, freedom of debate in Parliament, and freedom from excessive bail and from cruel and unusual punishments. To prevent a recurrence of the religious divisions that beset the Catholic James in ruling a largely Protestant England, the Bill of Rights also barred Roman Catholics from the throne.

The Bill of Rights became one of the cornerstones of the unwritten English constitution. The Bill of Rights has also had a significant impact on U.S. law, with many of its provisions becoming part of the U.S. Constitution and Bill of Rights.

English Law [next] [back] Emancipation Proclamation - Emancipation Proclamation

User Comments

Your email address will be altered so spam harvesting bots can't read it easily.
Hide my email completely instead?

Cancel or

Vote down Vote up

over 3 years ago

THIS WAS AWESOME
(NOT)

Vote down Vote up

almost 4 years ago

This was very helpful.

Vote down Vote up

about 3 years ago

hey this was just the right amount of writing i wanted

Vote down Vote up

over 3 years ago

i need information concerning the glorious revolution

Vote down Vote up

over 3 years ago

hi.

Vote down Vote up

over 3 years ago

sexxy cutie

Vote down Vote up

almost 3 years ago

this sucked

Vote down Vote up

14 days ago

It failed to say what each member of parliament had the right to do under the bill of rights.

Vote down Vote up

21 days ago

this wasn't very helpful...

Vote down Vote up

about 1 month ago

This was awesome knowledge

Vote down Vote up

about 2 years ago

YOLO. my dingos!!